Integrated approach is needed for supporting Rohingya single mothers and women in the refugee camp. They are continuously exposed to gender-based violence , anxiety ,fear , family loss , stress , livelihood difficulties , and social discrimination.
The goal of the project is to empower the psychosocial resilience of Rohingya refugee women, create a protected environment for psychosocial stability, and support various channels for women’s community initiatives. It aims to support the resilience and psychosocial stability of individuals, provide Training of Trainers for the peer support group, establish networks amongst families and neighbors including the peer support group, and create an independent space for women for activities, meetings, and training. I envisions to create a support system in an integrative manner.
SECTION ON THE SIGHT:The organization has conducted human rights documentation of the Rohingya refugee since 2017.Based on the interviews with victim-survivors conducted for the documentation, it became clear that the majority of the refugee population were undergoing trauma due to either direct experience of or witness of killing, violence, burning of houses, and have lost family members.And the majority of victim-survivors resided between Camp-12 Balukhali and Camp-14 Hakim Para. Initially, there were delays in the delivery of relief goods and food to Camp-14 Hakim Para compared with other camps; there was also lack of management of humanitarian aids. For these reasons,the organization designated Camp-14 Hakim Para as a sight of project.
Selection of the target group: 51% of population in the Camp 14 are women: 7,101 women, between 18 and 59 years old, account for 23% of the female population.The target group suffers the social and cultural stigma of the Rohingya community, which devalues and discriminates women’s social status and roles. Amongst the female population, the organization prioritizes the beneficiary target group to single mothers (due to death or disappearance of husbands), women householders (due to husbands with disabilities or illness), single mothers with family members with disabilities or illness, and elderly women householders.
For selecting the beneficiary target group, the organization will use the following information as a reference. In Camp-14, there are 966 single mothers, accounting for 14% of the total number of families. Families with the vulnerable elderly account for 5%, families with members with disabilities 3%, separated children 2%, elderly – 3 -householders in charge of protecting children 2%,and single fathers with infants 1%.
|category||Number of Families||Ratio|
|Families with separated children||118||2%|
|Families with unaccompanied children||46||1%|
|Families with a person with disability||184||3%|
|Families with older person at risk||314||5%|
|Families with older person at risk with children||137||2%|
|Families with people with serious medical condition||305||4%|
|Single male parents with infants||42||1%|
|Single female parent||966||14%|
|Families with people with specific needs||2112||31%|
The current project seeks to create resources for the Rohingya women by the Rohingya women. There is a great potential that the project will sustain as it aims to empower peer-support relations,support Women’s Self-help group activities, and create a network of community support.
The target beneficiary group includes single mothers, women who experienced gender based violence, elderly householders, and women with family members with disabilities and/or illness. The selected Rohingya women will be trained to be peer supporters, and will form a support community in the neighborhood. Theses members of the Rohingya women’s psychosocial support group will be the core members responsible for enlarging the support system to include the community. They will visit individual houses on a regular basis over 3 months, aiming to support, transform, empower, integrate, harmonize, and stimulate the lives of members of the community.
For supporting 60 Rohingya women’s livelihood along with psychosocial support, the organization will pay regular incentives for their volunteer work. The recipient of the psychosocial support program will receive psychosocial support package, which include materials such as seeds or seedlings as well as other means of support such as making of family photos, installation of solar lights, and provision of dignity meal. The psychosocial support package aims to improve the quality of women’s lives.
There will be construction of an independent space for the Rohingya women to plan collective activities and manage the support system. It will serve as a hub, which could expand to a larger project in the following year if run successfully.
Asian Dignity Initiative draws from its previous experience of the Rohingya Peer Support Group, a pilot project in Camp 14, from where following positive aspects were drawn: door-to-door visit, peer support system, and distribution of seeds were evaluated with positive comments. However, the beneficiary of the project was only limited to individuals, which did not lead to greater social cohesion or community support. The organization reflected the evaluations on the current project by expanding the beneficiary target group from individuals to neighbors and community and lengthening the door-to-door visit sessions from 3 to 10 times.
The overall process of the project is overseen by Asian Dignity Initiative. In collaboration with local partner organizations, appropriate activities and contents will be generated. There are two local partner organizations. One is Rohingya Women Welfare Society (ROWWS), founded by a Rohingya lawyer (her parents settled in Bangladesh in 1978), for supporting Rohingya women: They will recruit participants and administer the project at site. NOZUWAN is an organization with 33 years of experience in administration of various projects in Bangladesh: They will be in charge of monitoring and administrating finance as well as operate as a mediator with ISCG for humanitarian aid.
RW WELFARE SOCIETY